NOTES:
This meeting will be conducted in English.

All programs are subject to change. Check this site for updates.


Download Flyer

Twitter hashtag for this meeting: #KSsmallrna

Small RNA Silencing: Little Guides, Big Biology (A6)

Scientific Organizers: Phillip D. Zamore, Yukihide Tomari and Mihaela Zavolan


January 24—28, 2016

Keystone Resort, Keystone, Colorado, USA


Supported by the Directors' Fund


BEWARE of booking lodging through companies unaffiliated with Keystone Symposia. Click here for more details.

Keystone Symposia is committed to maintaining a positive and respectful environment at its meetings. To this end, please review and comply with our policies.

** Meeting has ended **

Discounted Abstract Deadline: September 28, 2015


Abstract Submission Fee: 100.00 USD*
Submission by this date receives 50.00 USD discount.
*50.00 USD will be applied to Registration Fee when you register

Abstract Details: It is best to submit your abstract early. Abstract and registration spaces are limited and may fill prior to the abstract or discounted registration deadlines. Submitting an abstract does not constitute or guarantee registration.

Submitting your abstract early allows us to:
  • submit your abstract to organizers to be considered for a short talk
  • accept your abstract online
  • include your abstract on our website and in our secure mobile app
  • reserve your space at the meeting for a poster presentation.**
**Submitting an abstract does not constitute or guarantee registration.
(The Abstract Deadline: is October 28, 2015)

Global Health Travel Award Deadline:


Global Health Travel Award Details: You MUST complete your Global Health Travel Award appplication by the Global Health Travel Award Deadline and complete the other required steps (verify your contact information and submit a recommendation letter) to be considered for a travel award.


Click here to learn more about Global Health Travel Awards.

Scholarship Deadline: September 28, 2015


Scholarship Details: You MUST submit your abstract by the Scholarship Deadline and complete the other required steps (submit a scholarship application and submit a mentor letter) to be considered for a scholarship.

Click here to learn more about Scholarships.

Abstract Deadline: October 28, 2015


Abstract Submission Fee: 100.00 USD*
*50.00 USD will be applied to Registration Fee when you register

Details: It is best to submit your abstract early. Abstract and registration spaces are limited and may fill prior to the abstract or discounted registration deadline. Submitting an abstract does not constitute or guarantee registration.

Submitting your abstract by the Abstract Deadline allows us to:
  • submit your abstract to organizers to be considered for a short talk
  • include your abstract on our website and in our secure mobile app
  • reserve your space at the meeting for a poster presentation.**
**Submitting an abstract does not constitute or guarantee registration.
Abstracts submitted after the Abstract Deadline will NOT be considered for a short talk.

(Discounted Abstract Deadline: is September 28, 2015)

Discounted Registration Deadline: November 23, 2015


Registration Fee: 795.00 USD* (includes 150.00 USD discount)
Student Registration Fee: 570.00 USD* (must complete student verification form)

*Includes 50.00 USD of your abstract submission fee

After the Discounted Registration Deadline:


Registration Fee: 945.00 USD*
Student Registration Fee: 720.00 USD* (must complete student verification form)

*Includes 50.00 USD of your abstract submission fee

Registration spaces are limited and may fill prior to discounted registration deadline.

Please be advised that a few meeting participants have received calls and emails from a number of different housing services - "Exhibitors Housing Services", "Global Housing", etc. THESE COMPANIES ARE NOT AFFILIATED WITH KEYSTONE SYMPOSIA and are not authorized by Keystone Symposia to contact you. These companies may tell you that the meeting is filling and seek to take your lodging reservation and obtain your credit card number. We highly recommend that you not make a reservation with these companies or any other housing service! These companies' representations to participants have been misleading. Please report to Keystone Symposia any calls or correspondence you might have received and book only through the lodging link on our website, an established travel agency, or directly with the hotel.

Travel and Transportation



***URGENT TRAVEL INFORMATION***

***ESTA – Electronic System for Travel Authorization***


Are you visiting the United States from a Visa Waiver Program (VWP) country and currently do not possess a visitor’s visa? If so, you will need to complete an official ESTA application by clicking here. You can apply for this for just yourself, or a group of travelers. (To figure out if you are from a VWP county, click here.) In order to complete the application, you will need a valid passport from a VWP country, a valid credit card or PayPal to pay the application fee of $14, and your most recent employment information.

The application generally takes about 15-20 minutes to fill out and you can check the status of the application by visiting the same site you applied at. Please complete the application at least 2 weeks-72 hours before your scheduled arrival date into the United States. ESTAs are normally valid for 2 years unless you receive a new passport or other important information changes.


Due to the constantly changing nature of travel, we urge people to research their own travel requirements. This includes Passport and Visa requirements, documentation for re-entry into country of residence and any other identification needed. Please allow sufficient time in advance of the meeting for processing of all necessary documentation.

Be sure to confirm air and hotel arrangements at least 24 hours in advance of departure. As a reminder, never leave your wallet and passport unattended while traveling, and have photocopies of all identification and credit cards in case of theft or loss.

For more information, visit:

U.S. Department of State Traveler's Checklist


The World Clock - Time Zones

Keystone Symposia Travel Tips & Links

Keystone Symposia Travel - FAQs



Denver International Airport (DIA) is the recommended airport for this conference. For specific airport information, visit Fly Denver. Denver International Airport offers free global calling!

***URGENT TRAVEL INFORMATION***

***ESTA – Electronic System for Travel Authorization***


Are you visiting the United States from a Visa Waiver Program (VWP) country and currently do not possess a visitor’s visa? If so, you will need to complete an official ESTA application by clicking here. You can apply for this for just yourself, or a group of travelers. (To figure out if you are from a VWP county, click here.) In order to complete the application, you will need a valid passport from a VWP country, a valid credit card or PayPal to pay the application fee of $14, and your most recent employment information.

The application generally takes about 15-20 minutes to fill out and you can check the status of the application by visiting the same site you applied at. Please complete the application at least 2 weeks-72 hours before your scheduled arrival date into the United States. ESTAs are normally valid for 2 years unless you receive a new passport or other important information changes.


If you need lodging near Denver International Airport before or after the conference, there are many options available. For more information, visit Denver Airport Hotels.



Colorado Mountain Express provides discounted shuttle rates from Denver International Airport to Keystone. Make your reservations by phone at 970-754-7433 (SKI-RIDE); by fax at 970-468-0364; or book CME online. The discounted cost is $124 round-trip ($62 one way), including gratuity. Advance reservations required - when calling to book, please identify yourself with Keystone Symposia (Group Code - "KSSY17") to receive this rate.

PLEASE NOTE - if you book a flight into Denver that arrives later than 10 pm Colorado Mountain Express will not be able to get you to the resort on their regularly scheduled shuttles. Similarly, if you book a flight out of Denver that departs earlier than 9 am, Colorado Mountain Express will not be able to get you to the airport on a regularly scheduled shuttle in time for your flight. You will have to book a private car service or travel to Denver the day before.

For a full list of services provided by CME and their rates, including private vehicles, charters, and hourly rates to use around town, click here .

Avis provides car rental discounts to Keystone Symposia attendees. To book by phone at the discounted rate, call 800-331-1600 and provide your Avis Worldwide Discount (AWD) number: T487899. Click on this link to book Avis online.

Before booking your vehicle or leaving the rental counter, make sure you have the proper equipment for winter driving in the mountains.

The Colorado Department of Transportation will have stricter enforcement of the state's Passenger Vehicle Traction & Chain Laws which states:


If weather conditions require, CDOT can implement Passenger Vehicle Traction and Chain Laws. Motorists will be alerted to an active Traction or Chain Law by highway signage.

Traction Law (Code 15) - During an active Traction Law, also known as a Code 15, motorists will need to have either snow tires, tires with the mud/snow (M/S) designation, or a four-wheel drive vehicle — all tires must have a minimum one-eighth inch tread.

Passenger Vehicle Chain Law (Code 16) - During severe winter storms, CDOT will implement a Passenger Vehicle Chain Law, also known as a Code 16 — this is the final safety measure before the highway is closed. During a Passenger Vehicle Chain Law, every vehicle on the roadway is required to have chains or an alternative traction device (like AutoSock).

Fines - Motorists driving with inadequate equipment during a Passenger Vehicle Traction or Chain Law could be fined more than $130. If a motorist blocks the roadway because they have inadequate equipment during a Passenger Vehicle Traction or Chain Law, they could be fined more than $650.

For more information, click here.


From Denver International Airport

  • As you leave the airport, take Peña Boulevard to Interstate 70, westbound
  • Travel west on I-70, through the Eisenhower Tunnel, to Silverthorne Exit 205
  • After exiting, turn left and continue 6 miles (9.6 km) east on U.S. Highway 6
  • Distance is approximately 90 miles (145 km)
  • The drive takes approximately 2 hours, depending upon road and traffic conditions
View Map from Denver International Airport to Keystone Resort Conference Center

Leaving on a Sunday?
In winter, traffic on Interstate 70 tends to build up going westbound on Friday evenings and Saturday mornings and eastbound on Sunday afternoons, as Front Range residents and visitors make their way to and from the mountains for weekend getaways. This weekend ski traffic often mixes with snowy and/or icy conditions, causing additional delays and closures. Here are some tips for surviving the weekend ski traffic:

* Go online to www.CoTrip.org, the Colorado Department of Transportation’s (CDOT) travel information page, for access to real-time cameras and travel speeds, as well as roadside message signs advising about potential delays.

* Stay late. CDOT's hourly traffic counts at the Eisenhower Tunnel show that the busiest times are Saturdays around 8 a.m. and Sundays from 2 p.m. onward; to avoid the Sunday rush, stay for dinner and leave at 6 p.m.

* Tune in to local Channel 22 to see live feeds from CDOT's 19 traffic cameras set up between Vail and Idaho Springs. The cameras provide real-time estimates of travel time to Denver, along with weather conditions.

* On the drive east to Denver, take the U.S. 40 frontage road at Georgetown (exit 228) and stay with it until it merges back into I-70 east of Idaho Springs (exit 241). But be prepared for a gamble, as traffic can back up there, too. You will need to travel slowly, but will be able to enjoy the historic Colorado mining towns where the gold rush began on January 7, 1859.

*** New for 2016*** the Colorado Department of Transportation will have stricter enforcement of the state's Passenger Vehicle Traction & Chain Laws which states:

If weather conditions require, CDOT can implement Passenger Vehicle Traction and Chain Laws. Motorists will be alerted to an active Traction or Chain Law by highway signage.

Traction Law (Code 15) - During an active Traction Law, also known as a Code 15, motorists will need to have either snow tires, tires with the mud/snow (M/S) designation, or a four-wheel drive vehicle — all tires must have a minimum one-eighth inch tread.

Passenger Vehicle Chain Law (Code 16) - During severe winter storms, CDOT will implement a Passenger Vehicle Chain Law, also known as a Code 16 — this is the final safety measure before the highway is closed. During a Passenger Vehicle Chain Law, every vehicle on the roadway is required to have chains or an alternative traction device (like AutoSock).

Fines - Motorists driving with inadequate equipment during a Passenger Vehicle Traction or Chain Law could be fined more than $130. If a motorist blocks the roadway because they have inadequate equipment during a Passenger Vehicle Traction or Chain Law, they could be fined more than $650.

For more information, click here.



Due to the constantly changing nature of travel, we urge people to research their own travel requirements. This includes Passport and Visa requirements, documentation for re-entry into country of residence and any other identification needed. Please allow sufficient time in advance of the meeting for processing of all necessary documentation.

Be sure to confirm air and hotel arrangements at least 24 hours in advance of departure. As a reminder, never leave your wallet and passport unattended while traveling, and have photocopies of all identification and credit cards in case of theft or loss.

When traveling to the United States, be sure to contact your Embassy for current Entry Requirements.

For U.S. Visa information, click here.

To locate an Embassy near you, click here.

***URGENT TRAVEL INFORMATION***

***ESTA – Electronic System for Travel Authorization***


Are you visiting the United States from a Visa Waiver Program (VWP) country and currently do not possess a visitor’s visa? If so, you will need to complete an official ESTA application by clicking here. You can apply for this for just yourself, or a group of travelers. (To figure out if you are from a VWP county, click here.) In order to complete the application, you will need a valid passport from a VWP country, a valid credit card or PayPal to pay the application fee of $14, and your most recent employment information.

The application generally takes about 15-20 minutes to fill out and you can check the status of the application by visiting the same site you applied at. Please complete the application at least 2 weeks-72 hours before your scheduled arrival date into the United States. ESTAs are normally valid for 2 years unless you receive a new passport or other important information changes.